I have always had an interest in images and imaging within my work, partly because I am a bit of a visual thinker. Most recently, we have spent a huge amount of time exploring the potential of 3D surface scanning in forensic science and archaeology, and in this regard, a lot of our work lays out standards and best practice for the discipline. Forensic anthropology and archaeology are inherently three-dimensional and by bringing objects into an appropriate 3D digital space, we can improve contextual understanding while also increasing accessibility to these resources or shared heritage artefacts.


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  • Crowther, M., Li, B., Thompson, T.J.U., and Islam, M. (2021) A comparison between visible wavelength hyperspectral imaging and digital photography for the detection and identification of bloodstained footwear marks. Journal of Forensic Sciences 66: 2424-2437.
  • Crowther, M., Reidy, S., Walker, J., Islam, M. and Thompson, T.J.U. (2021) Application of non-contact scanning to forensic podiatry: a feasibility study. Science & Justice 61: 79-88.
  • Jani, G., Johnson, A., Parekh, U. Thompson, T.J.U. and Pandey, A. (2020) Effective approaches to three-dimensional digital reconstruction of fragmented human skeletal remains using laser surface scanning. Forensic Science International: Synergy 2: 215-223 doi.org/10.1016/j.fsisyn.2020.07.002.
  • Errickson, D. and Thompson, T.J.U. (eds.) (2017) Human remains – another dimension: The application of imaging to the study of human remains. Elsevier: GB.
  • Shamata, A. and Thompson, T.J.U. (2019) Determining the effectiveness of noncontact three‐dimensional surface scanning for the assessment of open injuries. Journal of Forensic Sciences http://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14205.
  • Williams, R., Thompson, T.J.U., Orr, C., Birley, A. and Taylor, G. (2019) 3D imaging as a public engagement tool: Investigating an Ox cranium used in target practice at Vindolanda. Theoretical Roman Archaeology Journal 2 doi: http://doi.org/10.16995/traj.364.
  • Shamata, A. and Thompson, T.J.U. (2018) Documentation and analysis of traumatic injuries in clinical forensic medicine involving structured light three-dimensional surface scanning versus photography. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 58: 93-100.
  • Shamata, A. and Thompson, T.J.U. (2018) Using structured light three-dimensional surface scanning on living individuals: Key considerations and best practice for forensic medicine. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 55: 58-64.
  • Thompson, T.J.U and Norris, P. (2018) A new method for the recovery and evidential comparison of footwear impressions using 3D structured light scanning. Science & Justice 58: 237-243.
  • Errickson, D., Grueso, I., Griffith, S.J., Setchell, J.M., Thompson, T.J.U., Thompson, C.E.L. and Gowland, R.L. (2017) Towards a best practice for the use of active non-contact surface scanning to record human skeletal remains from archaeological contexts. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology doi: 10.1002/oa.2587.
  • Errickson, D., Thompson, T.J.U. and Rankin, B. (2014) The application of 3D visualization of osteological trauma for the courtroom: a critical review. Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging 2: 132-137.
  • Starkie, A., Birch, W., Ferllini, R. and Thompson, T.J.U. (2011) An investigation into the merits of infrared imaging in the investigation of tattoos post mortem. Journal of Forensic Sciences 56: 1569-1573.