Referencing- Last minute checks!

We get a lot of referencing questions through our Learning Hub and in tutorials.  Unsurprisingly, recent enquiries have included more examples of online resources. So here are some quick  Thursday tips for those of you working hard to finish assignments.  

Cite Them Right

Don’t forget that you have online access to Cite Them Right. You can find guidance and examples by searching for the type of resource, for example ‘website’, ‘ebook’ or ‘journal article’.  Just follow the link from the Library website and log in using your University details.


How do I reference information on a website which doesn’t have an author?

Firstly  make sure you are satisfied the information is reliable, accurate and legitimate.  Then you need to include enough information to enable your reader to find your source, including a link and the date you accessed the material.

For example, where the page belongs to an organisation, institution or company you would follow the format below for a Harvard style reference:

  • Organisation
  • Year that the site was published/last updated (in round brackets)
  • Title of web page (in italics)
  • Available at: URL (Accessed: date)

This means that a Harvard reference to the BBC News page would look like this:

BBC (2020) News. Available at:  (Accessed: 14 May 2020)  

The Accessed date is the day you last accessed the website. This is important because online information is frequently updated so you need to tell your reader when you viewed it.

And if the website has no author, organisation or title?  In that case you would follow this format in Harvard:

  • URL
  • Year that the site was published/last updated (in round brackets)
  • (Accessed: date)


What about ebooks?

Happily, if the ebook includes all the information you would find in a print copy, such as publisher and place of publication, you can follow the same format as a print book.

If you do not have publisher and location details you should include enough information to direct your reader to the source you used.  In Harvard style, this would be:

  • Author/editor
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title of book (in italics)
  • DOI or Available at: URL (Accessed: date)

For example:

Adams, D. (1979) The hitchhiker’s guide to the galaxy. Available at: (Accessed: 29 January 2020).


Where can I get more help?

You can find information, more examples and online tutorials on our Referencing LibGuide

You can send questions direct to our Learning Hub on Teams using this address: 

Or you can book a virtual tutorial with your academic librarians, just follow the links on our Tutorial booking page